Updated: Oct 8, 2020
Now that it’s September, we are starting to work on the Five Needle Pines. For the last week I’ve been working on a lot of Trident Maples and Mr. Tanaka threw this one in the middle of it. I was glad to work on it because I was starting to see Trident Maple leaves when I closed my eyes. I was even starting to dream about them…. well no, not really. Got you! Anyways, I will write a future post about those Tridents in the coming weeks so stay tuned for that one. In this post, I will give some general information about Five Needle Pines and show some before and afters of my work and Mr. Tanaka’s adjustments.
Here at Aichien we start working on Five Needles Pines at the end of August through the Fall. Things that we can do now are cutting the old needles, cutting branches and wiring the tree. Here are some pictures to show what the old and the new needles look like.
Fertilizing and watering
In the middle of August we started to lightly fertilize the Five Needle Pines here. On refined trees, this will be the first time the tree gets food this year. If we feed Five Needle Pines in the Spring, the needles and candle growth will become too long. Since we do not de-candle Five Needle Pines like Black Pines, we have to control the feeding to keep the needles short. If you’re developing a Five Needle Pine and want the tree to thicken or grow vigorously for main branch development, feeding should start in the Spring. Mr. Tanaka told me, “On Black Pines, the bark is the most important thing, on Five Needle pines, the needle length is the most important thing.”
How much water we give a Five Needle Pine is one of the most important points to understand to develop them correctly. Five Needle Pines do not like a lot of water (very clean water). They prefer to be on the dry side. How dry do you ask? One day I was walking the yard and inspecting the trees. I see one Five Needle Pine that has some weeds growing out of the soil and they were wilted. That’s how dry the roots need to be. When we do water the trees, we water mainly the top soil only. The water will slowly work it’s way down into the soil in time. It’s not a good idea to completely water the roots unless the tree has just been repotted. If the trees gets overwatered, they will start loosing branches, the new growth will be slow and the foliage will start turning yellow.
Here is what I came up with
Mr. Tanaka’s adjustments and what I learned
1. If you look at my picture, there was a branch in the back left that is now gone. I originally wanted to cut it off but Mr. Tanaka said, let just use it and see what it looks like. I did that in my picture and when Mr. Tanaka adjusted the tree he cut it off! The lesson there is that nothing is for sure and things will always change as the tree takes shape.
2. What disappointed me was that the branches on the left lower side of the tree was somewhat set like Mr. Tanaka’s adjustments when I was working on it. In the last minute I changed it and moved them more to the right. That area was the first part that Mr. Tanaka adjusted. All I could do was shake my head at my mistake. Instead of asking Mr. Tanaka why he believe the change on the lower left branches are better, I decided to look at the tree and tried to figure out myself. After some contemplating, I found that the reason why Mr. Tanaka adjusted the foliage to the left was to balance it with the right side. Note how after Mr. Tanaka adjusted the tree, the canopy and lower branches have a more triangular shape, whereas before in my picture, the triangle wasn’t quite complete. It’s either that, or he was using the foliage to cover some of the empty space on lower trunk. What do you think?
3. Some of my fan shaped pads were too broad and Mr. Tanaka tightened them by making them more rounder. Here is an analogy. My fan shaped pads looked like a fan that was half open. Mr. Tanaka made them look like the fan was open all the way. Did that makes sense? After Mr. Tanaka made the pad changes, the tree looked more softer and cloud like. A good example of that is in the lower left pad.
Here’s a tip!
Did you notice how the bottom of the pads are very clean? How do you suppose I did that? I didn’t just pull off all the needles that were pointed down. Here is what I did and something you, the reader can try on your pines. It is an easy technique that will greatly improve how your pines will look after styling.